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Bakery Division

By the year 1990, production amounts of Vilniaus Duona reached to 260-280 tons per day. It should be noted that during this period:

–  Vilnius city population increased steadily. In the year 1989 population of Vilnius city counted 576.7 thousand residents.

–  Residents of Vilnius and Trakai districts were supplied daily by Vilniaus Duona bread and pastry products.

–  A substantial amount of products with prolonged expiration dates were exported outside of Lithuania.

–  All Lithuanian bakeries would supply bread, cakes, and pastries only to their assigned areas.

–  Bread baked in some districts were used for animal feed. Unfortunately, at that time, a kilo of bread was cheaper around 2-3 times than mixed feed for livestock.


Vilniaus Duona in a period lasting till Lithuania’s Independence Restoration was the largest and most modern bread-producing enterprise in the Baltic States regarding production capacity, number of employees, and production range. The main rival by various indicators was the Minsk Bread Industry Association.

During this period, bakeries of Vilniaus Duona were specialized, as each bakery produced certain products:

1st Bakery baked only one kind of bread – the Palanga bread. Bakery’s productivity – 40 tons per day. In the year 1984, at the VDNX exhibition in Moscow an Italian long loafs baking line was purchased, to be installed in the shop quarters on the Konarskio Street flower market premises, the shop assigned to the 1st Bakery. For nearly two years, long queues of buyers formed at this shop.

2nd Bakery used to bake white wheat products. Throughout total operation period of nearly 60 years, not a single dark rye bread loaf was baked here. The total bakery range: long loaves, pretzels, rusks, crisps, gingerbread, braided breads, bunds, buns, cakes, Lithuanian šakočiai (“tree-cakes”).

3rd Bakery throughout total operation period remained as the main supplier of dark padded scalded bread. Main product – Kauno bread – later was renamed to Vilniaus bread, loaf’s weight– 2 kg. Later on, the highly popular Bočių bread was baked, loaf weight 1.5 kg. In addition to those two main pieces of bread, some other bread types were introduced in different periods, without getting more popularity. In addition, a pasta factory operated in this bakery.

4th Bakery baked several types of dark rye and white wheat shaped bread, buns, bunds, cakes, several types of dietetic breads, most popular of these was Rugelis. Later, after the construction of waffle production workshop, bakery produced a wide range of spread waffles, together with very popular waffle cakes, production of which in part compensated lack of traditional cakes. Pre-packaged waffle sheets become popular. This bakery was renowned for soft confectionery. The cakes – ranging from the simplest biscuits, such as the Obelėlė, to the commemorative Eglė, Kankorėžis, and others.

5th Bakery acted as an auxiliary for Vilniaus Duona bakeries. With six high-capacity bread-long loafs baking lines, it was capable of fulfilling the increase of bread demand for large-scale events in Vilnius. In addition, this bakery made possible for reconstruction processes of other bakeries or in case of oven maintenance works. The following products were baked in the bakery: Pjautinis long leaf, Long leaf with raisins, Dzūkų, Pajūrio, Sostinės bread. This bakery also produced breadcrumbs. Situated on the city’s outskirts, the bakery served the villages and townships of Vilnius and Trakai districts.

Druskininkų Bakery delivered bread and cake products to shops of Druskininkai town and surroundings. Druskininkai bakery baked oatmeal cookies, the most popular ones – Rudenėlis, delivering these to Vilnius and other cities.

Production of short expiration time (breads, long loaves and etc.) each bakery was separately delivering to stores. The bakeries had their own expedition departments, employing expedition managers, dispatchers, production storekeepers.

Production to smaller shops in Vilnius city was transported once a day, and twice to larger stores. Vilnius had about 20 stores, where production was delivered at night, for the third time in twenty-four hours.

“Sometimes there occurred oddities, as traffic jams started by some shops having complicated access, as several trucks, delivering Vilniaus Duona production, would queue. One bringing Palanga bread from the 1st Bakery, the second car with loaves of Vilnius and Bočių from the 3rd Bakery, and here would arrive the long loaves from the 5th.”, – reminisces I. Šiaulys.

At that period, 1550-1600 employees worked at the Vilnius Bakery Industry Association.